In the last six years, 64 percent of the people who died in the mountainous hills of the Chittagong Hill Tracts were Bengali. Among the Bengalis killed, almost all the Bengalis rehabilitated from the plain.
Disaster experts, architects, geologists and experts say that in the middle of the 1970s, there was a lot of settlement in the risky places after the rehabilitation of Bengalis started in the hills. The mountain’s geological features have not been kept in mind. Now the poor people are suffering from this.
Since 2012, up to 166 people have been killed in Rangamati, Bandarban and Khagrachari hills in the hill districts of this year. This account was found from the relief office of three districts. The number of claims of non-government organization Bangladesh Disaster Forum is the same. Now the number of the four army officers killed in the rescue of landslide in Rangamati is not considered as this.
Of the 166 killed in six years, 106 were Bengali. Of the 111 killed in three districts in the horrific hillside on Monday and Tuesday, 53 of them are Bengalis. 55 people were killed in the mountain range from May 2012 till May. Of these, 53 were Bengali.
In the last six years, most of the hills have been victims of Bengali populations. Han Hane, who is working with the settlement of the hill, thinks that the Bengalis of the plain are responsible for the lack of proper knowledge of the different geographical features of the mountain. He said, the Bengalis usually make houses on the hillside. In many cases the hill settlements have been settled. Pahari houses on the top or on the hill. Their houses are bamboo moufang houses. The floor is taller than the ground. Fit it with the nature of the mountain.
According to the 2011 census, the number of hilly in the hill district is 51 percent of the total population, 49 percent of the Bengalis. In 1960, 9 percent of Bengalis increased in 1980 to 41 percent.
Professor Syed Humayun Akhter of Dhaka University’s Geology Department said in light of the first light, cutting forests and rehabilitating many other Bengalis. The people of the plain are not familiar with the geography of the hill. The ruling class did not even consider it.
Even if the hills of the Chittagong Hill Tracts are not rocky, the tree cover protects these hills from collapse. But the mountain was defiled day by day. In the report ‘Global Forest Resources Assessment: Country Report Bangladesh’ created by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the picture of the ruins of two big reserved forests of Kassalong and Rungkhang of the mountain were highlighted. According to the report, in 1963, there were 1,772 hectares of natural forest in two major forests. In 1990, it decreased 84 thousand hectares. In 2005 the amount was 70 thousand hectares.
Professor Syed Humayun Akhter said, “The mountain collapse has increased a lot in the past decade. Due to the cutting of forest, the hills have become fragile. Now we are getting the result of rehabilitation. ‘